Neanderthals enjoyed creating art and understood the meaning of symbolism. The international team has established cave paintings found in Spain were created 64,000 years ago. In two studies, the team says Neanderthals long assumed be modern man’s stupid cousin may have had more in common with us than we realised. What these teams of archaeologists are finding in these ancient caves at La Pasiega is contributing to a turnabout in our understanding of our ancient cousins, the Neanderthals. The scientist from Germany’s Max Planck Institute and the UK’s University of Southampton gained special access to the area last year.